Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Florence on May 3, 1469, as Florence was undergoing its transition into the Renaissance, guided by the Medicis. Machiavelli was a public servant during the Republic, losing his office when the Medicis returned to power. Despite that, Machiavelli dedicated The Prince to the ruling Medici of the time, leading some today to still speculate whether the book was a satire. Regardless, it remains one of the most influential political philosophies of history.
While not as well known as The Prince, Machiavelli’s Discourses are also influential, as Machiavelli discusses the structure and benefits of republican governments that are more representative. In Discourses, Machiavelli offers advice on what best makes Republics run.